Download E-books Arms and Equipment of the Civil War PDF

By Jack Coggins

Superior with significant illustrations, the textual content describes what materiel was once on hand to the armies and navies of either sides — from iron-clad gunboats, submarine torpedoes, and army balloons to pontoon bridges, percussion grenades, and siege artillery — with on-the-scene reviews through Union and accomplice infantrymen approximately gear and camp lifestyles. Over 500 black-and-white illustrations.

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Within the Hotchkiss, the plunger was once hung on “safe” through wires that have been in flip held in place via a tapered lead plug within the base of the fuse. whilst the projectile jerked ahead upon discharge, inertia dropped the lead plug into the shell, liberating the wires and the plunger, which used to be then loose to maneuver ahead on effect and strike the anvil within the nostril plug. The plunger of the Parrott fuse was once surrounded through a tender steel cylinder. small projections sheared on impression, freeing the plunger. those projections didn't continually holiday and the gunners usually got rid of the cylinder altogether—trusting to inertia to maintain the plunger in position till the instant of impression. within the Schenkl fuse, the plunger was once held by way of a small screw throughout the facet, and within the Absterdam, by way of a lead cone at the base of the plunger. In one other kind, the hole plunger with its fulminate cap used to be screwed in position and the cap detonated through the nostril collapsing upon it. The Tice fuse used a pitcher tube of fulminate secure by means of a movable brass tube. The surprise of discharge broke the brass helps retaining a plunger, which in flip published a spring sliding the tube clear of the glass box, which broke on impression. together fuses, the plunger, actuated by way of the surprise of discharge, ignited a preset time fuse. In a few fuses a fulminate detonator was once additionally supplied, which went off on influence if the time fuse didn't function. The Borman time fuse functioned thoroughly approximately seventy-five in line with cent of the time. The Parrott time fuse labored approximately to boot, whereas the Parrott percussion rated approximately eighty-five in keeping with cent. BORMAN FUSE—Top view CUTAWAY DIAGRAM OF BORMAN FUSE. A key for tightening the fuse outfitted into the sq. holes MORTAR FUSE with paper cap CONICAL PAPER-CASE FUSE wood plug IMPACT-TYPE PERCUSSION FUSE. A screwplug protecting a detonator was once screwed into the cap prior to firing. influence flattenedcap, hit detonator on nipple. Explosionblew out cork and ignited cost HOTCHKISS FUSEwith safeguard wires held bylead plug prior to firing, detonating cap used to be put overnipple. Inertia stored plungerback until eventually second of influence. Paper disc saved powder outof plunger chamber ARMSTRONG BREECHLOADER The breechblock or ventpiece was once held in position via a strong screw within the rear of the gun. This screw was once hole, and used to be a prolongation of the bore. whilst the screw used to be grew to become out, the ventpiece used to be lifted out via its deal with, leaving the bore transparent for loading. to make sure the tight turning up of the screw, and likewise to aid in liberating it whilst on the point of reload, a weighted, free-swinging deal with used to be hooked up to the rear of the breech. A part activate this acted the same as a blow from a sledge and used to be adequate to force the screw good domestic or to begin it from the closed place. even supposing a spare ventpiece was once often supplied with every one gun, there has been massive difficulty with the ventpieces fracturing, or blowing out, in particular within the weapons of huge quality. Structurally, the built-up Armstrong gun tubes have been very powerful, and the multi-grooved process of rifling is in use at the present time.

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