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By Josie Underwood

A well-educated, outspoken member of a politically sought after relations in Bowling eco-friendly, Kentucky, Josie Underwood (1840–1923) left in the back of one of many few intimate bills of the Civil battle written by way of a southern lady sympathetic to the Union. This brilliant portrayal of the early years of the warfare starts a number of months sooner than the 1st photographs have been fired on fortress Sumter in April 1861. "The Philistines are upon us," twenty-year-old Josie writes in her diary, leaving no doubt in regards to the alarm she feels whilst accomplice infantrymen occupy her once-peaceful city. supplying a distinct point of view at the tensions among the Union and the Confederacy, Josie finds that Kentucky used to be a hotbed of political and armed forces motion, quite in her place of origin of Bowling eco-friendly, often called the Gibraltar of the Confederacy. situated alongside very important rail and water routes that have been important for delivery provides out and in of the Confederacy, the town associated the higher South's exchange and inhabitants facilities and used to be strategically severe to either armies. taking pictures the fright and frustration she and her relatives skilled whilst Bowling eco-friendly served because the accomplice army's headquarters within the fall of 1861, Josie tells of squaddies who trampled fields, pilfered plants, burned fences, cut back timber, stole nutrients, and invaded houses and companies. In early 1862, Josie's outspoken Unionist father, Warner Underwood, used to be ordered to evacuate the family's Mount Air property, which was once later destroyed through occupying forces. Wartime hardships additionally strained relationships between Josie's kin, buddies, and neighbors, whose passionate ideals approximately Lincoln, slavery, and Kentucky's secession divided them. released for the 1st time, Josie Underwood's Civil struggle Diary interweaves firsthand descriptions of the political unrest of the day with certain money owed of an lively social lifestyles choked with go back and forth, events, and suitors. Bringing to existence a Unionist, slave-owning younger girl who antagonistic either Lincoln's guidelines and Kentucky's secession, the diary dramatically chronicles the actual and emotional traumas visited on Josie's relations, neighborhood, and nation in the course of wartime.

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What's it,” we asked—going to Pa’s facet, taking Ma’s hand in a robust loving and helping clasp, he quietly held the paper so shall we see it and this can be what we read:—“Warner L. Underwood and all folks occupying the structures on Underwood’s hill, generally known as “Mount Air,” are required to vacate the premises instantly through order of the final commanding, and so on. and so forth. It used to be like a blow that shocked us. Ma sank in a chair, white and speechless. The orderly i feel he was once, acknowledged, “I am sorry sir to bring such an order—but had no selection. ” Pa ordered his horse—saying, “I will experience with you to headquarters—we can't go away this night. ” the warriors went out and waited round the porch until eventually Pa’s horse got here. Pa comforted Ma as top he might and we waited anxiously for his go back. whilst he got here we knew ahead of he spoke that the order remained, basically the time was once prolonged to the third, the next day, once we needs to move, God is familiar with the place or for a way long—perhaps without end. This morning a drizzling rain used to be falling and nonetheless comes down gradually chilly and sleety. pricey Pa bought up prior to day and he went up into Allen County to discover a spot to take us to and secured an outdated cabin, 15 miles from the following, belonging to “Si. ” [Josiah] Osburne. numerous of our acquaintances listening to of the order requested us to come back to their houses—but that isn’t top for them or us. All day we now have been attempting to pack our things—dismantling the valuable previous home—not realizing the place we're going, how lengthy do we stay—or to what we're leaving Mount Air. it truly is challenging, labor, and those vile Missouri infantrymen or even their officers—are simply taking ownership of the house—tramping far and wide it—handling issues and two times this day I took issues out of the arms of guys who have been obviously going to pocket them. A Captain got here up the stairs to my room, whilst i used to be attempting to pack issues, marched in with out knocking and whilst I arose indignantly and stated, “Well, sir,” he stood having a look round and stated, “Oh! i used to be simply having a look over the house—I imagine I’ll have this room for myself. ” How another way the Mississippi Brigade have acted. I don’t imagine any of them have even entered the backyard this day other than Col. Love who got here up early this morning and status on the door with hat off, expressed the best sympathy and sorrow and indignation for such an order and requested if there has been something he might do to assist us. We’re going to “Uncle Si Osburnes” cabin, hoping by way of and by means of we will be able to one way or the other get during the strains to Louisville. Pa couldn’t get a move to take us there now. now we have despatched our books, piano and a few furnishings over to John Tygert’s—couldn’t pack the books—just needed to unload them within the horse wagon and that i doubt if part gets there for squaddies took a great many out of the wagon—before Uncle William may well get off with them. Oh! what a terrible day it's been! and the way bravely pricey Ma has borne up. operating so hard—white and trembling together with her center virtually breaking, to boot i do know. The day has been so chilly, too; we couldn’t retain the door close. The negative negroes consider this leaving as a lot approximately as we do and are kind of dazed by means of it, and the youngsters are all so excited and Henry could be so sassy to the soldiers—bless his courageous little heart—I am afraid we are going to get into another difficulty earlier than we escape.

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