By Angus Konstam
Whilst normal Robert E. Lee took command of the military of Northern Virginia, the Confederacy used to be in quandary. common McClellan's Union military lay encamped under ten miles from Richmond, and the Southerners have been outnumbered and dispirited. Lee replaced all that during an excellent weeklong crusade. Stuart's reconnaissance in strength, immortalised as his journey round McClellan's military, had published flaws in McClellan's tendencies. Lee used this intelligence good, and massed his outnumbered strength opposed to the Union correct flank. On 26 June the Confederates struck, battling hard-fought and bloody battles in days; Mechanicsville (26 June) and Gaine's Mill (27 June). even if the victories have been received at a bad human expense, the ferocity of the accomplice attacks confident McClellan that he was once outnumbered. He duly retreated in the direction of his offer base at the James River. Lee's males pursued, and McClellan was once compelled to make a scuffling with retreat, preventing two times to hold up his pursuers. regardless of extra battles at Frayser's Farm (30 June) and Malvern Hill (1 July), he used to be not able to maintain the Confederates at bay, and the Union military used to be recalled to Washington. regardless of wasting 1 / 4 of his military in every week, Lee had stored Richmond, and inflicted a humiliating defeat at the military of the Potomac. even if different victories could stick to, Lee's battles in defence of the accomplice capital have been the most important to the survival of the Southern reason, and gained him the glory of the scuffling with males on each side. Angus Konstam strains the process this brief and bloody crusade, the beginnings of Robert E. Lee's mythical popularity, and the origins of the battle-winning elan of the military of Northern Virginia.
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Additional info for Seven Days Battles 1862: Lee's Defense of Richmond
Meade's Brigade and McCall's males fall again towards Frayser's Farm, pursued by way of A. P. Hill's reserves. four. five. 00PM. Lee orders A. P. Hill and Longstreet to assault McCall's department, hoping that Huger and Jackson will sign up for struggle and switch the enemy flank. THE conflict OF FRAYSER'S FARM sixty two 30 June 1862, seen from the southwest. As McClellan withdraws his military southward towards the James River, he's in a position to guard his rear by means of protecting the road of the White Oak Swamp. With the remainder of Lee's military forthcoming from the west, he's compelled to make a stand close to Frayser's Farm, purchasing time for his provide wagons to roll via Glendale towards his new provide base at Harrison's touchdown. Lee is gifted with a chance to chop the military of the Potomac off from the protection of the James within the conflict of Frayser's Farm (also referred to as Glendale). xxx xx ~II VI~1St SLOCUM xx 111~3rd KEARNY nine. eight. 00-9. 00PM. Reinforcements from the area of White Oak Bridge arrive at the battlefield. 1. McClellan orders Heintzelman to take command of the Union forces round Glendale, charging him with keeping his flooring till the remainder of the military can retreat previous him. SUMNER xx V~3rd xxx McCALL ~III HEINTZELMAN xx 11I~2nd HOOKER 10. eight. 00-9. 00PM. Sedgewick's department, in reserve round Glendale, strikes as much as shape a brand new line close to Frayser's Farm. The conflict results in stalemate, with neither facet in a position to proceed the assault. eight. l. OO-8. 00PM. At this aspect Hooker orders his department to increase in the course of the woods to its entrance, bringing it out at the accomplice flank. even though Branch's Brigade holds its flooring, the Confederates are shaken via the counterattack. xx ~ A. P. HILL xx ~ )NGSTREET xxxx ~Northern ~Virginia LEE accomplice FORCES A R. E. Lee's HQ (Army of Northern Virginia) B A. P. Hill's department HQ C J. R. Anderson's Brigade D Archer's Brigade E Field's Brigade F Pender's Brigade G Gregg's Brigade H Branch's Brigade I Longstreet's department HQ J Featherston's Brigade okay Pryor's Brigade L Pickett's Brigade M Kemper's Brigade N Jenkins' Brigade o Wilcox's Brigade P Dearing's Battery Q Chapman's Battery R Rogers' Battery S Huger's department HQ T Mahone's Brigade U Armistead's Brigade V Moorman's Battery sixty three FRAYSER'S FARM/GLENDALE sixty four via the morning of 30 June, the military of the Potomac occupied a curving line stretching approximately southwest to northeast. It ran from Malvern Hill within the south, during the crossroads at Glendale then as much as the White Oak Swamp, the place it curved alongside its southern financial institution to the is still of the bridge. the entire provide wagons have been now south of the White Oak Swamp, and the rear of this column had spent the evening round Glendale, and may spend the day rolling south to Harrison's touchdown. Franklin's VI Corps held the northern part of the road, supported at White Oak Swamp Bridge by way of Richardson's department from II Corps. To the west of Glendale, Heintzelman's III Corps, supported by means of McCall's and Sedgwick's divisions (from V and II Corps respectively), lined converging roads; the lengthy Bridge highway (an extension of the Darbytown highway) to the southwest, and the Charles urban highway to the northwest.