By Brian D. McKnight
The 15th and 16th states to hitch the us of the US, Kentucky and Tennessee have been lower from a standard cloth―the wealthy quarter of the Ohio River Valley. Abounding with mountainous areas and fertile farmlands, those slaveholding states have been as heavily tied to each other, either culturally and economically, as they have been to the remainder of the South. but while the Civil struggle erupted, Tennessee selected to secede whereas Kentucky remained a part of the Union. The citizens of Kentucky and Tennessee felt the whole influence of the struggling with as warring armies crossed from side to side throughout their borders. as a result of Kentucky's strategic situation, either the Union and the Confederacy sought to manage it in the course of the battle, whereas Tennessee used to be moment in basic terms to Virginia within the variety of battles fought on its soil. also, loyalties in each one kingdom have been heavily divided among the Union and the Confederacy, making wartime governance―and own relationships―complex. In Sister States, Enemy States: The Civil struggle in Kentucky and Tennessee, editors Kent T. greenback, Larry H. Whiteaker, and W. Calvin Dickinson discover how the warfare affected those the most important states, and the way they helped swap the process the battle. Essays by way of in demand Civil battle historians, together with Benjamin Franklin Cooling, Marion Lucas, Tracy McKenzie, and Kenneth Noe, upload new intensity to facets of the battle now not addressed somewhere else. the gathering opens by means of recounting every one state's debate over secession, detailing the divided loyalties in each one in addition to the overt clash that simmered in East Tennessee. The editors additionally highlight the war's ignored contributors, together with universal infantrymen, ladies, refugees, African American infantrymen, and guerrilla warring parties. The e-book concludes by way of examining the problems those states skilled in placing the struggle in the back of them. The tales of Kentucky and Tennessee are an essential component of the bigger narrative of the Civil conflict. Sister States, Enemy States bargains clean insights into the fight that left an enduring mark on Kentuckians and Tennesseans, simply because it left its mark at the state.
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Additional info for Sister States, Enemy States: The Civil War in Kentucky and Tennessee
17. Daniel Crofts, Reluctant Confederates: higher South Unionists within the Secession concern (Chapel Hill: collage of North Carolina Press, 1989), 164–97. See additionally Mary Campbell, “The importance of the Union Victory within the Election of February nine, 1861 in Tennessee,” East Tennessee historic Society courses 14 (1942): 11–30. 18. A. Waldo Putnam to Andrew Johnson, February thirteen, 1861, William Lellyett to Andrew Johnson, February 12, 1861, Neill S. Brown to Andrew Johnson, February 17, 1861, and Benjamin D. Nabers to Andrew Johnson, February thirteen, 1861, in Johnson Papers, 4:278, 281–82, 289–90, and three hundred; Alvin Hawkins to Isaac R. Hawkins, February 10, 1861, Hawkins Letters. 19. Jeptha Fowlkes to Andrew Johnson, March 21, 23, 1861, and Benjamin D. Nabers to Andrew Johnson, February thirteen, 1861, in Johnson Papers, 4:274, 422–23, and 425–26. 20. Neill S. Brown to Andrew Johnson, February 17, 1861, Charles O. Faxon to Andrew Johnson, February eleven, 1861, and A. Waldo Putnam to Andrew Johnson, February 18, 1861, in Johnson Papers, 4:289–90, 300–301, 310–11. See additionally Charles Lufkin, “Secession and Coercion in Tennessee: The Spring of 1861,” Tennessee historic Quarterly 50 (1991): 98–109; and LeRoy Graf, “Andrew Johnson and the arriving of the War,” Tennessee historic Quarterly 19 (1960): 208–21. 21. Jeptha Fowlkes to Andrew Johnson, March 21, 23, 1861, and Charles O. Faxon to Andrew Johnson, February eleven, 1861, in Johnson Papers, 4:422–23, 425–26, and 289–90; Louisville magazine, February 26, 1861; Lufkin, “Secession and West Tennessee Unionism,” 55–61. 22. William Lellyett to Andrew Johnson, February 12, 1861, and John Lellyettto Andrew Johnson, January 23, 1861, in Johnson Papers, 4:184–85, 281–82. 23. Jeptha Fowlkes to Andrew Johnson, March 21, 23, 1861, in Johnson Papers, 4:425; Memphis day-by-day Avalanche, June eight, 1861. 24. West Tennessee Whig (Jackson), January 18, 1861; Lufkin, “Secession and West Tennessee Unionism,” 55–61. 25. Memphis allure, February 12, thirteen, 1861. The Washington peace convention, derogatorily termed the “Old Gentleman’s conference” in connection with many delegates’ previous age, used to be the final try out at reconciliation prior to the firing on citadel Sumter. After 3 weeks of extreme debate held in mystery periods, delegates controlled to agree on resolutions extending the Missouri Compromise line to the Pacific via constitutional modification, strengthening the Fugitive Slave legislations, and compensating slaveowners for fugitive slaves no longer again through Northerners lower than “personal liberty legislation. ” Extremists on either side criticized the conference’s proposals, which have been similar to these of the Crittenden Compromise rejected in January, and defeated them after they have been provided in Congress. The convention, referred to as on the request of Virginia, met from February four to February 27, 1861, concurrent with the 1st assembly of the accomplice States of the US in Montgomery, Alabama. The convention published the endurance of border-state Unionism yet proved to be an workout in futility. as a result, the collection by no means provided any doable suggestions to unravel the hindrance of the Union.